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About Nepal

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to Arctic. Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth is home to:
  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
  • 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than species)
  • 4% of mammals of earth
  • 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than species)
  • 600 indigenous plant families * 319 species of exotic orchids
Area: 147,181 sq. km
Location: Situated between China in the north and India in the south, east and west
Capital: Kathmandu Population: 26.49 million
People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages.
Language: Nepali is the national language; travel trade people understand and speak English as well.
Religion: Nepal is a secular state with predominance of Hindu and Buddhist population. Muslims (4.5%) of the total population.
Currency: Nepali Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs.100 as of January 2014)
Political System: Federal Democratic Republic
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons (1)
Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) summer: June-August, (4)
Autumn: September-November. Monsoons are from June till mid-September. Nepal can be visited the whole your round.
What to Wear: Light weight clothing is recommended from May through October. Warm garments are required in October-March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season

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